When we hear about communicable disease, we mostly think about the regular cold and cough which we all have gone through at some point in our life. It feels more annoying than alarming. But what many people fail to realize is that communicable diseases are not limited to a cold. In fact, communicable diseases can be said to be a major cause of mortality among humans.
Communicable diseases are those diseases which spread from one person to another. This can be done in a variety of ways which includes physical contact, contact with contaminated food and water, insect and animal bites and also through the air we breathe. Prevention and management of communicable diseases is important to avoid any major outbreak. Some of the common communicable diseases are influenza, tuberculosis, cholera, malaria, Hepatitis A, B and C.
According to best doctors in Dwarka – Delhi, When it comes to communicable diseases, the first priority is to prevent the occurrence of the disease. This can be done by following healthy habits like washing hand often, getting vaccinated, avoid touching wild animals, to cover our mouth and nose with a tissue while sneezing and to avoid sharing personal items. Additional measures can be taken like boiling drinking water, washing raw vegetables and fruits and cooking food properly before consumption. To avoid insect bites, one can prevent them from breeding through proper disposal of wastes, spraying insecticides to destroy mosquitoes and removal of lice from body and clothing.
If a person gets infected, the priority now becomes to avoid further transmission of the disease. This can be done by separating the infected person from the healthy individuals to prevent transmission. In case when contact is necessary with the infected person, steps should be taken to avoid further transmission. This can include covering your mouth and nose with mask, wearing clean clothes during and after contact, washing hands after contact with an infected person.