A Nuclear medicine (NM) scan is a diagnostic exam that provides with important information about organ function. In nuclear medicine imaging radiopharmaceuticals (radioactive medicine or tracers) are taken orally, by intravenous injection or inhalation. Special cameras then capture and form images from the radiation emitted by the radiopharmaceuticals in the body. NM scans determine the presence of disease based on biological and anatomical changes, i.e. how an organ functions, and what it looks like. Nuclear Medicine scans allow us to evaluate the function of a number of organs including the thyroid gland, lungs, heart, stomach, kidneys, and gallbladder. Further, NM scans allow us to monitor certain types of cancer, detect a number of bone and joint abnormalities such as fractures, arthritis or tumors, and evaluate certain neurological diseases, infection and blood volume.
Oncologic Applications: Tumor Localization, Tumor Staging, Identify Metastatic Sites, Evaluating Response to Therapy and Radiotherapy planning.
Renal Applications: Detect Urinary Tract Obstruction, Diagnose Renovascular Hypertension, Measure Differential Renal Function, Detect Renal Transplant Rejection, Detect Pyelonephritis, Detect Renal Scars.
Cardiac Applications: Coronary Artery Disease, Measure Effectiveness of Bypass Surgery, Measure Effectiveness of Therapy for Heart Failure, Select Patients for Bypass or Angioplasty, Identify Surgical Patients at High Risk for Heart Attacks, Measure Chemotherapy Cardiac Toxicity Evaluate.
Orthopedic Applications: Identify Occult Bone Trauma (Sports Injuries), Diagnose Osteomyelitis, Evaluate Arthritic Changes and Extent, Measure Extent of Certain Tumors, Identify Bone Infarcts in Sickle Cell Disease.
Thyroid Applications: Gives important information regarding functioning of thyroid lobes and its type of enlargement in neck, infection in thyroid lobes, cyst in thy roid lobe s , D i a gnos e and Tre a t Hyperthyroidism (Graves' Disease).
Hepatobiliary Applications: Detect Acute Cholecystitis Chronic Biliary Tract Dysfunction, etc.
Other Applications: Detect Acute Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Detect Testicular Torsion, Detect Occult Infections, Evaluation of various neurological condition like dementia, etc.