Do Ovarian Cysts Affect Fertility?

In vitro fertilization of IVF (egg and sperm) is based on the logic of increasing the chance of having a baby by removing most of the obstacles that may occur during natural reproduction. Nowadays, IVF treatment is applied so successfully by best IVF specialists in India that; in cases where IVF center selection is made correctly, the rate of live birth is more than twice the rate obtained by the classical method (the normal way of getting pregnant).

In today’s conditions, a single IVF cycle, with two normal blastocysts (embryos in the advanced stage) transferred to women under the age of 35, with a normal ovarian reserve, results in a 40-50% live birth. Top-quality embryos using advanced genetic embryo selection methods (CGH), when selected and transferred, the probability that only one embryo (chromosomally normal) transfer will result in normal delivery is over 60%.

In the last 30 years, huge progress has been made in assisted reproductive techniques. In vitro fertilization (IVF) was a technique originally developed for use only in cases of tubal (originating from women’s tubes) infertility.

Even in IVF centers with a high success rate, if the woman is over 35, the probability of treatment resulting in live birth decreases. Therefore, it is useful for infertile women who want to have children with their own eggs to be proactive. For example, women aged 40-43 years who receive IVF treatment have a birth rate of 10-20% per cycle.

Therefore, women over 35 years of age whose biological clock is advancing rapidly may be a good option to freeze good quality embryos (preferably in the blastocyst stage) selected with CGH for later use.

Ovaries are the reproductive glands in the pelvic region, on both sides of the uterus. In the female, the ovaries are two and their normal size is as much as a walnut. The ovaries produce the egg and female hormones called estrogen and progesterone. They are responsible for the regulation of the menstrual cycle and the formation of pregnancy.

A cyst is a general name given to pouch-like structures filled with fluid or semi-solid substance in the body. Cysts can be benign or malignant. There can be many reasons for the formation of ovarian cysts. Many ovarian cysts are harmless and show no symptoms. Ovarian cysts are usually detected during ultrasound gynecological examination done by the best IVF specialist in India.

The question that many women have in mind is whether there is a link between ovarian cysts and fertility.

Endometrioma (chocolate cyst)

Endometriomas are cysts produced due to endometriosis. This is a condition where the tissue (endometrium) that normally covers your uterus is located outside the uterus. These cysts are linked with the problem of infertility.

The following types of ovarian cysts do not affect fertility unless they are too large:

Functional cysts

Functional cysts – for example, follicular cysts or corpus luteum cysts – these are the most known kind of ovarian cyst. Functional cysts occur during the normal menstrual cycle and do not cause infertility. In reality, functional cysts actually show all the necessary operations that lead to fertility.


They are cysts that come out from the surface tissue present in the ovaries. Although they need treatment, they do not affect fertility.

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