Infertility is explained as being unprotected naturally and not being able to get pregnant for more than 1 year despite regular intercourse. Also, couples who could not carry a pregnancy to the end, namely those who lost after being pregnant, are included in this definition.
However, new methods offered by today’s advanced technologies to medicine serve hope for couples who cannot have children in normal ways. One of the most used methods in this regard is in vitro fertilization.
Infertility, which says that couples are treated when they think they are desperate, is a process that can only be achieved through the harmonious work of a professional team.
Couple’s meeting with the doctor
The first interview is one of the most important steps of the treatment, in which the causes of infertility are explained, and the patient is informed about the tests for diagnosis. In this first examination, the man must be present.
When coming to the best IVF specialist in India, he/she should bring all of the patient’s examinations, uterine film, previous operations or previous infertility treatments, if any.
In addition, if couples have a different problem such as heart disease, diabetes, and thyroid, reports, and information about them should be sent to the doctor. There is no obligation to be on a certain day of menstruation for the first examination.
After detailed gynecological examination and ultrasonography, the smear test is taken if not done within the last 1 year, if necessary, additional tests may be requested.
When the doctor deems it necessary, interviews are planned with the geneticist, urologist, embryologist, psychologist, nutrition and metabolism specialist, and the general condition of the patient is evaluated together.
Here, the goal is to choose the appropriate treatment for the patient by revealing the causes of infertility and to apply the treatment at the appropriate time and with the appropriate technique.
For this, it is necessary to come on the second or third day of menstruation. Before ultrasound treatment, the final condition of the ovaries is evaluated. Depending on the condition of the patient, hormone values for that day can also be checked.
According to the results, the doctor can give some hormone medications and provide information to stimulate the ovaries in order to provide a large number of eggs.
Egg collection process (OPU)
Eggs, which reach a certain size after hormonal treatment, are collected vaginally under anesthesia with a short-term surgical procedure, the eggs are taken into the laboratory by best IVF specialists in India are prepared for microinjection.
IVF or microinjection
The eggs that are evaluated and suitable under a microscope in the laboratory are fertilized with selected sperm. The embryo is then observed for its development.
It constitutes the shortest but most important stage of treatment. Anesthesia is used in very rare cases in this procedure, which generally does not feel pain and pain.
The embryo, which reaches a certain maturity between 2 and 6 days after egg collection (OPU) according to its number and development, age, past trials, and many other data, is placed in the uterus with the help of special catheters.
Drug treatment after transfer
Drug therapy is applied to support the embryo to hold in the uterus after transfer.
After the transfer, a pregnancy test is done with Beta HCG on the 12th day in the fresh cycles (menstrual cycle) and the 15th day in the frozen cycles.