Gastroenterology and Hepatology

gastrointestinal-and-hepatobiliary-surgery venkateshwar HospitalGastroenterology is a branch of physiology that deals with the complications related to the digestive system as well as their treatment. The discipline is thus concerned with different organs (the esophagus, the small intestine, the colon, the rectum, the anus) and with the digestive glands (the liver, the biliary ducts, the pancreas).

It should be noted that gastroenterology encompasses two main sub-specialties: hepatology (which concerns liver pathologies) and proctology (which is concerned with pathologies of the anus and the rectum).

 Treatment of diseases of the digestive tract:

  • disease of the esophagus and stomach
  • Pancreas disease
  • bile duct and gallbladder disease
  • diseases of the liver (hepatology)
  • diseases of the small intestine – diseases of the colon
  • diseases of the anus (area of proctology)
  • problem of nutrition, alcoholism

Why Gastroenterology is necessary?

Individuals with a personal and family background. In general, most diseases of the digestive tract are not related to age. The only real threat remains, however, cancer, especially that of the colon mainly spent 55 years. It is therefore advisable to carry out a screening every two years. Other recommended preventive tests at any age are hepatitis C (blood transfusion or drug addiction) testing and rectal examination for men aged 50 years to check for absence of prostate abnormalities or to the rectum.

Treatment procedures

An organ may have a normal morphological appearance but may not function correctly. Functional tests may be required, such as assessing the contractility of the esophagus or anal sphincter (manometry), secretions in the digestive tract, and digestion (respiratory tests, etc.).

Endoscopy not only visualizes the interior of the esophagus, stomach, duodenum, small intestine and colon but also to perform gestures such as sampling, resection of a polyp or even a superficial tumor, stopping a hemorrhage or even treatment of certain conditions (diverticula of the esophagus, achalasia,). Many oeso-gastro-duodenoscopies and ileum-colonoscopies are performed daily. For less easily accessible segments of the digestive tract, an endoscopy is possible as well as an examination by video-capsule swallowed.

Endoscopic techniques can be combined with other imaging methods, such as radiology or ultrasound (echo-endoscopy for accurate analysis of the digestive tract wall or adjacent organs with the possibility of puncture or prosthesis placement) in best gastroenterology hospitals.


  • Provide proper drug therapy by monitoring the expected effects, adverse effects, and contraindications
  • Establishing a therapeutic relationship of trust with patients
  • Remove all the wounds under safety and hygienic rules
  • Properly prepare patients for radiology and biological examinations

How to achieve these Goals:

  • All the pathologies are taken care of by the hepato-gastroenterologist with sometimes the collaboration of digestive surgeons or oncologist during the management of cancer.
  • The field of gastroenterology is vast and sometimes requires many investigations, the discipline sometimes straddles other medical or surgical disciplines.
  • Digestive symptoms can sometimes be the mode of disclosure of non-digestive diseases, so it is necessary to have a global approach to the patient to establish the best diagnosis.
  • All this complexity and diversity of the specialty sometimes require the specialization of gastroenterologists in certain areas (proctology, hepatology, IBD, interventional endoscopy).

Venkateshwar Hospital is one such place where you can get such high-end critical care unit for diverse intensive health conditions.

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