Diagnostics such as lung cancer, prostate cancer that we hear around only indicate the region where cancer occurred. In fact, cancers also have their own types. For example, the most common type of liver cancer is Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
The liver is a vital organ in our body. We cannot live in its absence. Liver health is also very important for this reason. Liver cancer is becoming more and more common in our society. Liver cancer can develop due to many factors and hence it is required to do liver cancer treatment as soon as possible.
The liver is a soccer ball-sized organ that is located in the upper right part of the abdominal cavity, below the diaphragm and above the stomach, although its size varies with age and gender. The liver is a vital organ in our body.
Unfortunately, it is still not invented in a dialysis-like system developed for the liver as in the kidney. The liver has many functions in our body such as digestion, detoxification, production or transformation of the structures necessary for the body, defense system, and stopping bleeding.
Liver cancer can be divided into two, primary liver cancers caused by primary liver cells, and the other is metastatic liver cancers caused by cancer in other organs such as breast and large intestine. Primer liver cancers are also several types of cancer is a starting hepatocellular carcinoma. Other types of liver cancer, such as intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and hepatoblastoma, are less common.
What are the symptoms of liver cancer?
In liver cancers, they do not usually produce symptoms at an early stage. Symptoms usually appear in advanced stages. Its symptoms are mostly as follows; – Unintentional weight loss, weakness, and fatigue – Decreased appetite, nausea, and vomiting – Abdominal pain and swelling – Yellowing of the skin and eye flux (jaundice). – White, light-colored toilet and dark urine – If you have any of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.
How liver cancer occurs
Liver cancer, like most cancers, occurs when changes (mutations) occur in the DNA of liver cells (the material that gives instructions for every chemical process in your body). One result is that the cells begin to grow out of control and eventually the cancerous cells form tumors and gradually invade the surrounding tissues.
What are the causes of liver cancer?
As with most cancers, it is not correct to associate it with a direct factor in liver cancer. However, factors that increase liver cancer formation are known. Factors that increase the risk of developing primary liver cancer: – Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) increases your risk of liver cancer. – Cirrhosis increases your chances of developing liver cancer.
People with diabetes have a higher risk of liver cancer than those without diabetes. – Fat accumulation in the liver without alcohol increases the risk of liver cancer. – Exposure to aflatoxins. Aflatoxins are poisons produced by molds grown in crops stored in poor conditions. Crops such as corn and peanuts may be contaminated with aflatoxins.
Excessive alcohol consumption:
Drinking more than a moderate amount of alcohol every day for many years can lead to irreversible liver damage and increase your risk of liver cancer.
What can be done to prevent liver cancer?
- We should not drink alcohol or take very small doses.
- Staying healthy weight: taking care not to gain excess weight. We must lose weight very slowly and healthily during the weight loss process.
- Be careful with chemicals. We should follow the instructions regarding the chemicals you use at home or at work.
- We should get a hepatitis B vaccine
- We should take precautions to prevent hepatitis C: There is no hepatitis C vaccine, but specialists of liver cancer treatment can reduce your risk of infection.